/ Fort St.George Museum

Fort St.George Museum

By Alan J Bright
March 22, 2023

Are you a history buff looking to explore the rich cultural heritage of Chennai? If yes, then you must visit the Fort St. George Museum. The museum, located in the heart of Chennai, is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city.


The Fort St. George Museum is situated inside the Fort St. George complex, which was built by the British East India Company in the 17th century. The museum was established in 1948 and has since then been a repository of the city's colonial history. The museum showcases the evolution of the British settlement in Chennai and its impact on the local culture.

History of Fort St. George

The Fort St. George complex was founded in 1644 by the British East India Company as a trading post. The fort was named after the patron saint of England, Saint George. Over the years, the fort served as the headquarters of the British East India Company in South India and played a significant role in the colonization of India.

Architecture and Exhibits

The Fort St. George Museum is housed in a building that was once the residence of the governor of Madras. The building itself is an excellent example of British colonial architecture, with its elegant wooden staircase, high ceilings, and arched doorways. The museum has several galleries that display a wide range of exhibits, including paintings, sculptures, weapons, coins, and other artifacts from the colonial era.

Galleries in the Museum

The museum has several galleries, each dedicated to a specific aspect of Chennai's history. Here are some of the most prominent galleries in the museum:

Clive Gallery

This gallery is named after Robert Clive, one of the most prominent British East India Company officials. The gallery displays several portraits of Clive and other British officials, as well as a collection of weapons used during the 18th-century battles in India.

Freedom Fighters Gallery

This gallery is dedicated to the freedom fighters who fought against the British colonial rule in India. The gallery showcases the contributions of leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, and others.

Coin Gallery

The Coin Gallery is a must-visit for numismatists. The gallery has a vast collection of coins from various periods, including coins from the Roman, British, and Mughal empires.

Maritime Gallery

The Maritime Gallery is a fascinating gallery that showcases the maritime history of Chennai. The gallery displays models of ships, maps, and other artifacts related to maritime trade.

Arms Gallery

The Arms Gallery is home to a vast collection of weapons used during the colonial era, including swords, guns, and pistols.

Other Attractions in the Fort St. George Complex

Apart from the museum, the Fort St. George complex has several other attractions that are worth visiting. These include:

St. Mary's Church

St. Mary's Church is one of the oldest surviving churches in India. The church was built in 1680 and has an impressive collection of memorials and monuments.

Fort Museum

The Fort Museum is another must-visit attraction in the complex. The museum has several exhibits related to the history of the Fort St. George complex.


The Fort St. George Museum is an excellent destination for anyone interested in exploring Chennai's rich cultural heritage. The museum's impressive collection of artifacts and exhibits offers a fascinating glimpse into the city's colonial past. So, if you're planning a trip to Chennai, make sure to add the Fort St. George Museum to your itinerary.


1. What are the timings of the Fort St. George Museum?

The museum is open from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, except on

2. Is photography allowed inside the museum?

No, photography is not allowed inside the museum.

3. Is there an entry fee to the Fort St. George Museum?

Yes, there is an entry fee to the museum. The fee is nominal and varies for Indian and foreign visitors.

4. How long does it take to explore the museum?

It usually takes around 2-3 hours to explore the entire museum and the other attractions in the Fort St. George complex.

5. Can we visit the museum on weekends?

Yes, the museum is open on all days, including weekends and public holidays.


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