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Krishnagiri Dam

By Alan J Bright
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April 14, 2023

Introduction

Krishnagiri Dam is an impressive engineering feat situated in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The dam has gained immense popularity over the years due to its unique features and its contribution to the agricultural and industrial growth of the region. In this article, we will explore the design, features, and impact of Krishnagiri Dam on the environment, tourism, and the local economy.

Construction and Design of Krishnagiri Dam

Krishnagiri Dam was constructed in the year 1958 and is situated across the Thenpennai River in Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu. The dam was designed by the Central Water and Power Research Station and was built with the assistance of German engineers. The dam has a length of 2,825 feet and a height of 49 feet. It was built using a combination of concrete and masonry, and has a maximum capacity of 49.79 Mcft.

The dam is equipped with six gates, each with a capacity of 1000 cusecs. The reservoir has a storage capacity of 49.79 million cubic feet of water and serves as a major source of irrigation for the surrounding agricultural land. The dam has contributed significantly to the growth of the agricultural sector in the region and has helped in meeting the water demands of the local industries.

Features of Krishnagiri Dam

Krishnagiri Dam serves multiple purposes and is known for its unique features. The dam provides irrigation water to over 20,000 hectares of agricultural land and has helped in improving the crop yield and quality. The dam also supplies drinking water to the nearby towns of Krishnagiri and Hosur. The reservoir created by the dam serves as a major fishing spot, and caters to the needs of the local fishermen.

The dam is also a popular tourist destination and attracts thousands of visitors every year. The Krishnagiri Dam park located near the dam is a

popular picnic spot and offers beautiful views of the dam and the surrounding hills. Tourists can also enjoy boating and fishing in the reservoir. The park also has a children's play area, a mini zoo, and a garden, making it an ideal destination for families.

Environmental Impact of Krishnagiri Dam

The construction of the dam has had some negative impacts on the environment and surrounding areas. The dam has led to the displacement of a significant number of people who were living in the area. The construction of the dam also resulted in the loss of some natural habitats, which had an adverse impact on the local flora and fauna.

However, the management authorities have taken several measures to mitigate the negative impacts of the dam. The authorities have implemented afforestation programs in the surrounding areas to compensate for the loss of green cover. They have also taken measures to prevent soil erosion and have set up a sewage treatment plant to prevent pollution of the reservoir.

Tourist Attractions and Activities at Krishnagiri Dam

Krishnagiri Dam is a popular tourist destination and offers a range of activities for visitors. Tourists can enjoy boating, fishing, and picnicking in the park near the dam. The park also has a mini zoo, a garden, and a children's play area, making it an ideal destination for families. The surrounding hills offer trekking opportunities and provide stunning views of the dam and the surrounding areas.

Maintenance and Management of Krishnagiri Dam

Krishnagiri Dam is maintained and managed by the Tamil Nadu Public Works Department. The department is responsible for the maintenance of the dam, ensuring the safety and functionality of the dam. They conduct regular checks and maintenance activities to ensure the safety and longevity of the dam.

Future Plans and Expansion of Krishnagiri Dam

The management authorities have plans to expand Krishnagiri Dam and increase its storage capacity to meet the growing demand for water in the region. The expansion project is expected to create additional irrigation opportunities and contribute to the growth of the agricultural sector in the region. However, the expansion project also poses some challenges, such as displacement of people and potential environmental impacts.

Conclusion

Krishnagiri Dam is a significant engineering marvel that has contributed to the growth of the agricultural and industrial sectors in the region. The dam has also become a popular tourist destination, attracting thousands of visitors every year. While the dam has had some negative impacts on the environment and surrounding areas, the management authorities have taken measures to mitigate these impacts. The expansion plans for the dam offer potential benefits but also pose some challenges that need to be addressed.

FAQs

1. What is the capacity of Krishnagiri Dam?

Krishnagiri Dam has a storage capacity of 49.79 million cubic feet of water.

2. What are the major tourist attractions near Krishnagiri Dam?

Krishnagiri Dam park is a major tourist attraction near the dam. The park has a mini zoo, a garden, and a children's play area, making it an ideal destination for families. The surrounding hills also offer trekking opportunities and stunning views of the dam and the surrounding areas.

3. What are the environmental impacts of Krishnagiri Dam?

The construction of Krishnagiri Dam has led to the displacement of people and loss of natural habitats. However, the management authorities have implemented measures to mitigate the negative impacts of the dam.

4. What measures have been taken to mitigate negative impacts of Krishnagiri Dam?

The management authorities have implemented afforestation programs, set up a sewage treatment plant, and taken measures to prevent soil erosion to mitigate the negative impacts of the dam.

5. What are the future plans for Krishnagiri Dam?

The management authorities have plans to expand Krishnagiri Dam and increase its storage capacity to meet the growing demand for water in the region. The expansion project is expected to create additional irrigation opportunities and contribute to the growth of the agricultural sector in the region. However, the expansion project also poses some challenges, such as displacement of people and potential environmental impacts.

6. Is it safe to visit Krishnagiri Dam?

Yes, it is safe to visit Krishnagiri Dam. The dam is well-maintained and managed by the Tamil Nadu Public Works Department. Tourists are advised to follow safety guidelines and avoid risky activities like swimming in the reservoir.

7. Can tourists go boating and fishing in Krishnagiri Dam?

Yes, tourists can go boating and fishing in Krishnagiri Dam. Boating facilities are available near the park in the dam's vicinity, and fishing is allowed in the reservoir with permission from the authorities.

8. How far is Krishnagiri Dam from Bangalore?

Krishnagiri Dam is located approximately 100 km from Bangalore, and it takes around 2.5 to 3 hours to reach the dam by road.

9. Is there any entry fee to visit Krishnagiri Dam?

No, there is no entry fee to visit Krishnagiri Dam. However, tourists may have to pay for boating and fishing activities and other services available in the park near the dam.

10. Are there any nearby hotels or accommodations near Krishnagiri Dam?

Yes, there are several hotels and accommodations available near Krishnagiri Dam. Tourists can choose from a range of budget to luxury hotels and resorts in the vicinity of the dam and the surrounding areas.

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