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Pechiparai Dam (Pechiparai Reservoir)

By Alan J Bright
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March 11, 2023

Pechiparai Dam, also known as Pechiparai Reservoir, is a major dam built across the Kodayar River in Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu, India. The dam is a vital source of water for agriculture, power generation, and domestic use in the surrounding areas. In this article, we will explore the history, construction, and significance of Pechiparai Dam, as well as its impact on the local community.

History of Pechiparai Dam

The construction of Pechiparai Dam began in the year 1961 and was completed in 1966. The dam was built to meet the growing demand for water in the surrounding areas, particularly for irrigation purposes. The Kodayar River was chosen as the site for the dam due to its high water flow rate and potential for hydroelectric power generation.

Construction of Pechiparai Dam

Pechiparai Dam is a gravity dam made of concrete and has a height of 59.4 meters and a length of 365 meters. The dam has a storage capacity of 3,528 million cubic feet of water and is equipped with four spillway gates to release excess water during heavy rainfall. The dam also has a power generation capacity of 42 megawatts, making it an important source of electricity in the region.

Significance of Pechiparai Dam

Pechiparai Dam is a vital source of water for irrigation and domestic use in the surrounding areas. The dam provides water to over 200,000 acres of farmland, helping to support the agricultural economy of the region. Additionally, the dam provides electricity to nearby towns and cities, improving the standard of living for the local community.

Impact on the Local Community

The construction of Pechiparai Dam had a significant impact on the local community. The dam submerged several villages and displaced thousands of people. While compensation was provided to those affected by the dam, many families were forced to leave their homes and start anew. The dam has also had an impact on the environment, with several species of fish and other aquatic animals being affected by the change in water flow.

Future of Pechiparai Dam

Despite the challenges posed by the construction of Pechiparai Dam, the future looks bright for the dam and the surrounding community. The dam is expected to continue to provide a vital source of water and electricity for the region for years to come. Additionally, efforts are being made to mitigate the environmental impact of the dam and preserve the local ecosystem.

Conclusion

Pechiparai Dam is a remarkable feat of engineering that has had a significant impact on the surrounding area. The dam provides water and electricity to the local community, helping to support the agricultural economy and improve the standard of living. While the construction of the dam had its challenges, the future looks bright for Pechiparai Dam and the local community it serves.

FAQs

1. What is the height of Pechiparai Dam?

Pechiparai Dam has a height of 59.4 meters.

2. When was Pechiparai Dam constructed?

The construction of Pechiparai Dam began in 1961 and was completed in 1966.

3. What is the storage capacity of Pechiparai Dam?

Pechiparai Dam has a storage capacity of 3,528 million cubic feet of water.

4. What is the power generation capacity of Pechiparai Dam?

Pechiparai Dam has a power generation capacity of 42 megawatts.

5. What was the reason behind choosing the Kodayar River as the site for Pechiparai Dam?

The Kodayar River was chosen as the site for Pechiparai Dam due to its high water flow rate and potential for hydroelectric power generation.

6. How has Pechiparai Dam impacted the local community?

Pechiparai Dam has had a significant impact on the local community by providing a vital source of water for irrigation and domestic use. Additionally, the dam provides electricity to nearby towns and cities, improving the standard of living for the local community. However, the construction of the dam also led to the displacement of several villages and the environmental impact on aquatic animals.

7. What efforts are being made to mitigate the environmental impact of Pechiparai Dam?

Efforts are being made to preserve the local ecosystem and mitigate the environmental impact of Pechiparai Dam. These efforts include the release of water at regular intervals to maintain the natural flow of the river and the construction of fish ladders to help fish navigate the dam.

8. What is the future of Pechiparai Dam?

The future looks bright for Pechiparai Dam, as it is expected to continue to provide a vital source of water and electricity for the region for years to come. Additionally, efforts are being made to mitigate the environmental impact of the dam and preserve the local ecosystem.

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